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Updated 28 April 2022:

The UK Government has announced the postponement of further import controls planned from July 2022. Specifically the following controls will not now be introduced in 2022 and the new target date for introduction is the end of 2023:

  • A requirement for further Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) checks on EU imports currently at destination to be moved to Border Control Post (BCP).
  • A requirement for safety and security declarations on EU imports.
  • A requirement for further health certification and SPS checks for EU imports.
  • Prohibitions and restrictions on the import of chilled meats from the EU.

It is important to note that all existing controls, including those introduced on 1 January 2022, will remain in place. Please continue to check this page for further updates.

Brexit-related changes to UK Import and Customs Controls introduced on 1 January 2022.

The UK introduced new import requirements for all inbound goods from other EU Member States from 1 January 2022. The UK postponed the introduction of these requirements for goods move directly from Ireland to Great Britain. As such, the requirement for compliance with full UK import formalities, including customs declarations and controls, is not a pre-boarding requirement for ferries going from Ireland to Great Britain at this time.

However, it is important to note that these new requirements apply for UK imports from other EU Member States and for goods transported from EU countries to Ireland via Great Britain either by transits or via distribution hub.

Exporters of agri food products moving goods from Ireland to Great Britain, who are not already subject to pre-notification requirements, do not have to pre-notify UK authorities on UK import systems, either on the Imports of Products, Animal, Food and Feed System (IPAFFS) or PEACH system for plant products at this time.

There is a dedicated page on UK Import Controls here .

Four vital things to know before 1 January 2022

  • Hauliers who have not yet registered for the Goods Vehicle Movement System (GVMS) or applied for a GB Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number should do so immediately. Information on how to obtain an EORI number is available here. Information on how to register for GVMS is available here.
  • From 1 January 2022, all goods leaving GB by ferry must be registered on GVMS before departure. This applies to goods coming to Ireland and to traders using the Landbridge in either direction. Failing to engage with GVMS and other UK systems will disrupt your trade and may lead to severe delays, including the possibility of being refused permission to enter ports or board ships.
  • Postponement of the new requirement for pre-notification of SPS products ONLY APPLIES to those exporters not already subject to existing pre-notification requirements. Existing EU requirements continue to apply.
  • Where a transit begins in another EU Member State and moves through GB to a destination in Ireland, pre-notification of all SPS products (POAO and ABP) is required on the Imports of Products, Animal, Food and Feed System (IPAFFS) at least four hours before the products arrive into Great Britain (GB). All plants and plant products categorised as ‘regulated and notifiable’ should be pre-notified on either  IPAFFS or the PEACH system. There is also a requirement to inform GB authorities by email once the consignment has left GB. All consignments must be registered on GVMS.

What changes took place on 1 January 2022

The UK introduced new import requirements for all inbound goods from other EU Member States from 1 January 2022. Further information can be found here. From this date, UK import declarations for goods coming from an EU country other than Ireland can no longer be delayed and instead must be submitted prior to the departure of the goods from the EU. In most cases, particularly where Roll-On Roll-Off ferry services are used to move goods, the Goods Vehicle Movement System (GVMS) must be used.

As a result, Irish importers moving goods across the landbridge should note that new requirements apply to all goods moving from other EU countries to Ireland via Great Britain from 1 January 2022. This is in addition to the existing requirement to move such goods under the transit procedure and to engage with EU systems such as the Pre-Boarding Notification system in Ireland and SI Brexit requirements in France and the GVMS system in the UK. Further information from the UK Government on the new requirements for goods moving from other EU Member States to Ireland via Great Britain can be found here.

Export declarations, which must include safety and security (EXS) data, have been required for goods leaving the UK since 1 January 2021. EXS declarations have been required for empty vehicles leaving the UK since 1 October 2021. These requirements remain unchanged. However, all exports from the UK by ferry are required to use the GVMS system from 1 January 2022 before departing from the UK to the EU, including Ireland.

In addition to the necessary customs formalities, from 1 January, exporters of all agri-food products exporting from all EU countries except Ireland, to or through Great Britain need to have their UK importer pre-notify the UK authorities of these goods, prior to their entry into GB. Further information can be found on the dedicated page on UK Import Controls here. More information from the UK Government is available here.

A range of Government supports are available, including training and grants, to help your business deal with these changes. However, you will also need to engage with your UK importer and with the UK authorities.

When will the postponed changes be introduced for UK imports from Ireland?

These planned controls for goods moving directly from Ireland to Great Britain have been postponed and further UK controls are not planned for introduction until the end of 2023 at the earliest.

In preparation, hauliers should continue to register for the Goods Vehicle Movement System (GVMS) and to apply for a GB Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number. Information on how to obtain an EORI number is available here. Information on how to register for GVMS is available here.

Existing requirements, such as full EU export formalities and the requirement to use the transit procedure when moving goods through the UK to the EU, in place since 1 January 2021, continue to apply.

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Brexit

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020 after both sides concluded a Withdrawal Agreement to facilitate an orderly departure.

The Withdrawal Agreement provided for a transition period, which ended on 31 December 2020.

The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement came into effect at the end of the transition period. The Agreement provides for tariff-free, quota-free trade and for sectoral cooperation in a number of important areas. The European Commission has provided more information on the Agreement on its website .

As the UK is no longer part of the EU Single Market and Customs Union new procedures apply for businesses moving goods to, from or through the UK, excluding Northern Ireland. The Protocol on Ireland / Northern Ireland , which forms part of the Withdrawal Agreement agreed between the EU and the UK in 2019, means that no new procedures apply to goods moving between Northern Ireland and Ireland or the other Member States of the European Union.

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