This year marks the centenary of one of the most dramatic and suspense-filled episodes in the history of Kilmainham Gaol. Just before 9pm on the evening of 14 February 1921, three men - Ernie O’Malley, Simon Donnelly and Frank Teeling – escaped from the Gaol which was being used at that time by British forces as both a military barracks and political prison. With the help of some British soldiers guarding them, a bolt cutters had been smuggled into the Gaol which allowed the men to break the lock on one of the gates and escape to freedom. A fourth prisoner, Patrick Moran, had played a key part in planning the escape, but at the last moment he decided to stay behind. His trial was the following day and he felt that if he escaped he would be letting down the witnesses due to give evidence, evidence which he felt would prove his innocence. It was to prove a fatal decision however, as he was found guilty and hanged in Mountjoy Prison a month later on 14 March, 1921.