Department of Social Protection
Published on 3 September 2019
Last updated on 26 September 2022
The term "habitually resident" is not defined in Irish law.
It generally means that you:
You must be habitually resident in Ireland to qualify for the following payments:
This condition applies to any person applying for these social welfare payments, regardless of their nationality.
If you apply for a social welfare payment which includes an increase for a qualified adult or qualified child, only you, the applicant, must be regarded as being habitual resident in the State.
To be entitled to a payment, you must meet all other qualifying conditions.
To satisfy the Habitual Residence Condition (HRC) you must:
The five factors are:
You will only be regarded as being habitually resident if you satisfy both parts of the condition.
People who have a right to reside in Ireland include:
To find out more about registering your immigration permission, visit the Irish Immigration service website.
For more information on the right to reside please see the HRC Operational Guidelines.
There are some circumstances where there is no need to carry out a HRC assessment on payments where you ordinarily need to satisfy the HRC to qualify.
These circumstances arise where a payment is considered a Family Benefit or Social Advantage payment:
You can read more about Family Benefits and Social Advantage payments here.
If you must satisfy the Habitual Residence Condition for a payment, you may be asked to fill out the HRC1 form.
Application Form: Habitual Residence Condition (HRC1)
If you are not satisfied with the decision made on your case, you have the right of review and the right of appeal.
Further guidance on how to appeal a decision about your social welfare claim is available here.
The department has published comprehensive Operational Guidelines on the Habitual Residence Condition:
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