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Publication

An analysis of the 438 cases of COVID-19 in Ireland (as of Wednesday 18 March 2020)

Published: 20 March 2020
From: Department of Health

This is not the latest update. Click here for latest updates on case numbers.

The National Public Health Emergency Team has done an analysis of the 438 cases notified as at midnight Wednesday, 18 March 2020:

The latest data from HPSC reveals:

  • of the 438 cases notified, 55% are male and 43% are female, with 27 clusters involving 142 cases
  • median age of confirmed cases is 44
  • 32% of cases have been hospitalised
  • 2.7% (12 cases) admitted to ICU - representing 8.6% of all cases hospitalised
  • 114 cases are associated with healthcare workers, 36 of whom are associated with foreign travel
  • Dublin has the highest number of cases at 51%, followed by Cork 15% and Limerick and Wicklow have 3% of cases each

Of those for whom transmission status is known:

  • community transmission accounts for 40%
  • local transmission/ close contact accounts for 21%
  • travel abroad accounts for 39%
  • 96 cases remain under investigation

Hospital statistics

    Source: HSPC Number of people *% of total
    Total number of cases 438
    Total number hospitalised 140 32
    Total number admitted to ICU 12 3
    Total number deaths 3 0.7
    Case fatality rate 0.6
    Total number healthcare workers 114 26
    Number clusters notified 27
    Median age 44

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

Gender of patients

    Male 241 55%
    Female 189 43%
    Unknown 7 2%
    Total 438

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

Age range affected

    Age group Number of people % of total
    <1 1 0
    1 - 4 1 0
    5 - 14 9 2
    15 - 24 47 11
    25 - 34 78 18
    35 - 44 96 22
    45 - 54 62 14
    55 - 64 69 16
    65+ 75 17
    Total 438

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

Hospitalised cases by age group

    Age group Number of people % of total
    <5 1 1
    5 - 14 2 2
    15 - 24 9 8
    25 - 34 16 15
    35 - 44 15 14
    45 - 54 11 10
    55 - 64 23 21
    65+ 31 29
    Total 108

How COVID-19 is spreading

    Transmission classification % known
    Community transmission 40
    Contact with a confirmed case 21
    Travel abroad 39
    Under investigation 96

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

Note:

In the event that a person tests positive for COVID-19 and hasn't been abroad or had contact with another confirmed case in Ireland, that's known as community transmission.

In the event that a person who tests positive for COVID-19 can be linked to another confirmed case in Ireland, that's known as local transmission.

Healthcare workers

    Travel related 28 33%
    No foreign travel 55 65%
    Under investigation 1 1%
    Total 84

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

Cases by county

    County Number of cases % of total
    Carlow ≤ 5 1
    Cavan ≤ 5 0
    Donegal ≤ 5 1
    Laois ≤ 5 1
    Leitrim ≤ 5 0
    Longford ≤ 5 0
    Mayo ≤ 5 0
    Offaly ≤ 5 1
    Roscommon ≤ 5 0
    Sligo ≤ 5 1
    Tipperary ≤ 5 1
    Wexford ≤ 5 0
    Clare 7 2
    Kilkenny 7 2
    Kerry 7 2
    Waterford 7 2
    Louth 8 2
    Kildare 9 2
    Meath 11 3
    Westmeath 12 3
    Galway 14 3
    Wicklow 15 3
    Limerick 15 3
    Cork 66 15
    Dublin 225 51

Cluster type

    Travel 11
    Hospital 5
    Nursing Home 3
    Private house 3
    Extended family 2
    Workplace 2
    Under investigation 1
    Total 27

*All statistics measured at midnight, 18 March.

< means 'less than'.

≤ means 'less than or equal to'.