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United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Published: 15 April 2019
From: Department of Children and Youth Affairs

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has adopted an integrated and holistic approach to the rights of children.

The four general principles are that:

  • all the rights guaranteed by the Convention must be available to all children without discrimination of any kind (Article 2)
  • the best interests of the child must be a primary consideration in all actions concerning children (Article 3)
  • every child has the right to life, survival and development (Article 6)
  • the child’s views must be considered and taken into account in all matters affecting him or her (Article 12)

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989. It is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history: all countries have ratified it with the exception of the United States of America and Somalia.

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