This ethical framework includes a number of substantive ethical principles and procedural values that can be applied to, and employed during, the decision-making process in a pandemic. Ethical principles apply to the decisions that are made, whereas procedural values relate to the manner in which those decisions are made.
This high-level framework is intended for policymakers and healthcare planners and providers in acute and community settings. It is also designed to assist clinicians in implementing the ethical principles outlined below in their clinical practice. It is not designed to guide individual clinical decisions but to assist healthcare workers in thinking through the difficult decisions that will need to be made.
Ethical framework for decision-making in a pandemic