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Is fréamhshamhail í seo - cabhróidh d’aiseolas linn é a fheabhsú


Brexit and Transport - what you need to know

Foilsithe: 20 February 2020
Ó: An Roinn Iompair Turasóireachta agus Spóirt
Teanga: Níl leagan Gaeilge den mhír seo ar fáil.

Current Situation

The UK left the European Union on the 31 January on the basis of the Withdrawal Agreement which was agreed by the European Council on the 17 October 2019. The agreement includes a transition period until at least 31 December 2020.

During this time, EU rules and regulations will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will remain part of the EU's Single Market and Customs Union. There will be no immediate changes for citizens and businesses in their day-to-day dealings.

There are no implications for the Department’s sectors during the transition period as the UK will continue to apply EU law. The status quo will continue for the duration of the transition period, which, unless extended, is due to end on the 31 December 2020 .

The EU and the UK will start negotiations on a new Future Relationship agreement which, if agreed, is due to come into effect from 1 January 2021.

No matter what the final shape of Brexit looks like, the decision of the UK to leave the EU will result in some changes, both here in Ireland and for our EU partners, which we will continue to prepare for.

We are working to keep this website up-to-date. Check back regularly, as information is updated as it becomes available.

Brexit and the EU

EU rules and regulations will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will remain part of the EU's Single Market and Customs Union, during the transition period.

The EU and the UK will start negotiations on a new future relationship agreement which, if agreed, is due to come into effect from 1 January 2021.

To find out more about what has already been agreed and what is currently being negotiated and prepared please consult the European Commission website .

Brexit and the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport

The Brexit Unit within the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport seeks to ensure a coordinated approach to Brexit across all of the Department’s policy areas and is working to ensure that any impacts to our sectors are minimised. The department is represented on all relevant cross-departmental co-ordination structures and an internal Departmental Committee on Brexit meets regularly. The department is also working closely with our agencies and key stakeholders.

Motor Insurance and Green Cards (Proof of Motor Insurance)

At present, all motor vehicles from any EU country (including the UK) may travel within the EU without carrying special documentation to prove that they have insurance in the country they are visiting. This will change following the transition period.

Following the transition period, and in the event that no further arrangement is agreed, a certificate called a ‘Green Card’ which is issued by your insurer, and proves that the vehicle is insured, will be required for vehicles from the UK, including Northern Ireland, being driven in Ireland or other EU Member States. This means that, following the transition period, UK and Northern Ireland registered vehicles will require a Green Card for cross-border journeys, including North to South, on the island of Ireland.

A Green Card is a document that proves you have motor insurance cover when driving in another jurisdiction.

EU-registered vehicles entering the UK, post transition.

The UK authorities have confirmed that they will accept either a Green Card or other proof of insurance for Irish vehicles travelling in the UK they have further confirmed that they will accept the Irish motor insurance disc as proof of insurance. This means that Green Cards will not be required for Irish registered vehicles entering Northern Ireland or Great Britain, provided those vehicles carry an insurance disc

In relation to Irish registered motorcycle or agricultural tractor vehicles, some of these vehicles display insurance discs and some do not. If you are travelling to the UK including Northern Ireland, no additional documentation is required if the vehicle has a valid Irish insurance disc. However, if the vehicle does not have a valid Irish insurance disc then it is recommended that you carry your motor insurance certificate with you or obtain a Green Card from your insurance provider.

Any policyholder with an Irish registered vehicle who requests a Green Card from their insurance provider will be issued with one. Policy holders who receive their motor insurance from an insurance company, should contact that insurance company. Policyholders who receive their motor insurance via a broker should contact that broker.

Please Note: The majority of Irish motor insurance policies already include cover for travel in the UK. In such cases drivers will continue to be insured to drive in the UK.

If in doubt, policy holders should contact their insurance company to confirm that they have UK cover.

The Motor Insurance Bureau of Ireland (MIBI) has also published advice for policy holders

GB Stickers

It is NOT an offence under Irish or EU law for GB or Northern Ireland registered vehicles to drive in Ireland without a GB sticker attached to the vehicle.

UK (including Northern Ireland) Driving Licences

Following the ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement the UK left the EU at 11pm on the 31st January 2020. Under the transition arrangements in place, UK/NI driving licences held by residents of Ireland will continue to be valid up to 31 December 2020 (the end of the transition period).

Post Transition

As and from the 31 December 2020 UK licences held by residents of Ireland will no longer be valid to drive here in Ireland. For that reason UK licence holders resident in Ireland should take steps to exchange their licence for an Irish one well in advance of that date.

To exchange your licence you must complete a licence application form and present this, the correct fee and your UK licence at an NDLS centre- you will get more information on the process on the National Driver Licence Service Website .

The UK Government advises that arrangements for EU licence holders who are visiting or living there will not change after the UK leaves the EU. Therefore, visitors to the UK and Northern Ireland with driving licences from EU Member States, including Ireland, should enjoy the same arrangements as today.

Brexit and Impacts of Type Approval on Motor Vehicles

This information is provided to industry in particular to provide some clarification in respect of Brexit, the United Kingdom’s (UK) withdrawal from the European Union (EU). It specifically concerns the type approval of Category M (passenger vehicles), N (goods vehicles), O (their trailers) and L (two and three-wheeled motor vehicles, e.g. motorcycles and mopeds).

Under a special arrangement made under EU Regulation 2019/26 (transposed into Irish law by S.I. No. 53 of 2019) holders of UK type approvals can, up until the 31 December 2020, transfer their UK approvals to another EU Type Approval Authority. An application must be made to an EU Type Approval Authority in any of the other EU 27 Member States.

With respect to those vehicles that have certificates of conformity (CoC) based on a UK type approval, if the type approval for those vehicles is not transferred to another EU Type Approval Authority, the EU law does not allow for the placing on the market/registration of vehicle stock after 31 December 2020. Therefore, that vehicle stock cannot be registered in Ireland.

If type approval has transferred to another EU Type Approval Authority and the vehicles have been placed on the market by the manufacturer before31 December 2020, those vehicles can be registered and entered into service after the 31 December 2020

Check out FAQs on Brexit and Type Approval on motor vehicles .

Haulier and Passenger Operating Licences

For the duration of the transition period, Irish hauliers will continue to have access to and through the UK. Access after the transition period will depend on the outcome of future relationship negotiations. Further information will be provided as it becomes available.

Certificates of Professional Competence

Although the UK left the EU on the 31 January 2020, the Withdrawal Agreement provides that EU law continues to apply to the UK during the transition period which ends on 31 December 2020. Valid UK/NI CPC cards will continue to be valid up to the end of the transition period.

Any driver with a UK CPC card who is resident or working in Ireland should exchange their CPC card for an Irish CPC card as soon as possible and well in advance of 31 December 2020.

Transport Manager CPC

There is no change in relation to Transport Manager CPC requirements during the transition period.

It may be the case that after the transition period UK issued Transport Manager CPCs will no longer be recognised within the EU and UK resident Transport Managers will no longer be able to work as Transport Managers for EU based Community licence holders.

These issues will depend on the outcome of future relationship negotiations.

Further information will be provided as it becomes available

Road Transport Related Matters

After the UK leaves the EU, during the transition period businesses will still be able to move goods between Ireland and other EU countries by road through Britain in either direction – using the route commonly known as the UK landbridge.

The information in the links below was prepared in the context of a no deal Brexit. However, some of the advice may still be useful in preparing for the end of the transition period. We will update this information in due course. In particular attention is drawn to the information from the Revenue Commissioners regarding the need for comprehensive guarantee and guarantee waivers for transit through the UK after Brexit .

The gov.ie website also contains a range of information on other relevant matters. We are working to keep this website up-to-date. Check back regularly, as information is updated as it becomes available.

Cross-Border Rail Services

Arrangements are in place to ensure that rail passenger services on the Dublin – Belfast line will continue and run as usual.

Cross-Border Bus Services

The Withdrawal Agreement provides that EU law will be applicable to the UK during the transition period. For buses, this means that the current regulatory framework for services between Ireland and the UK will continue to apply until 31 December 2020. During this period, existing services can continue to operate as normal.


Ireland is heavily dependent on aviation links with the UK for trade and tourism. Some 44% of all flights to or from Ireland, approximately 113,000 flights per annum, are to or from the UK. The sector contributes more than €4 billion directly to Ireland’s GDP. The tourism sector is critically reliant on aviation connectivity and spending by overseas visitors is approximately €5 billion, of which just over €1 billion is from GB visitors.

The future relationship negotiations will include discussions on market access and air traffic rights, fair competition and aviation safety and security.

During the transition period to end 2020, we do not expect any extra delays to flights as a result of Brexit. If you have booked a flight to, from or via the UK, you do not have to take any action.

The EU currently has rules in place which protect passengers in the case of delays or cancellations to their flights. These rights will continue during the transition period.

Airline Ownership and Control

A fundamental legal principle of European Aviation is that air carriers wishing to operate in the single aviation market must be majority owned and effectively controlled by EU nationals. The European Commission has been very clear that it is essential for companies that wish to be recognised as EU air carriers to take all necessary measures to re-structure and to ensure that they meet this requirement.

Airlines that may be affected by these rules are already aware of the potential impacts of Brexit and the Government has been engaging on these issues with the aviation sector, including through the National Civil Aviation Development Forum.

Aviation Safety

Once the UK leaves the EU, it seems unlikely that they will continue as members of European Aviation Safety Agency. In this case, UK issued certificates and licences will not be valid for EU operations and activities, after the transition period. Holders of those certificates and licences should consult EASA and take the necessary steps to achieve European certification or licensing where that is possible.

Passenger Security

The Commission has taken action to ensure that passengers and their cabin baggage flying from the United Kingdom and transiting via airports in EU Member States continue to be exempted from a second security screening, by applying the One Stop Security system.

Maritime Connectivity

The Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport updated cabinet on 1 October 2019 on preparations for the impact of Brexit on the UK landbridge and on maritime connectivity to Continental Europe following extensive engagement with the shipping sector and other key stakeholders. It was noted that the landbridge, particularly the Dover – Calais link could become severely congested because of the reintroduction of customs and border controls in a no-deal type scenario. The Minister remains of the view that there is sufficient available capacity on direct routes to Continental Europe and the shipping companies have assured DTTAS that they will provide additional capacity if required to respond to customer needs in any future Brexit scenarios. The Minister believes that a Government intervention in the market to add or reconfigure capacity would be counterproductive and would damage the ability of the market to respond.

The Minister has asked that the Irish Maritime Development Office (IMDO) and his department continue to keep under review the situation regarding maritime connectivity to continental ports in the evolving Brexit context.

Under the new Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Regulation, due to come into force on 1 January 2021, Ireland will be located on two TEN-T core network corridors for the first time. The three Irish core ports of Dublin, Cork and Shannon-Foynes will be linked to core ports in Northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands on the North Sea – Mediterranean Corridor. Additionally, Ireland’s three core ports will be linked to the French ports of Le Havre and Nantes Saint-Nazaire on the Atlantic Corridor. These TEN-T realignments seek to ensure Ireland’s continued connectivity with the rest of the EU after the UK no longer forms part of the network.

Amended legislation on ship inspection organisations will provide legal certainty for ship operators when the UK leaves the EU.

Marine Notices

The Marine Survey Office (MSO) published a Brexit related Marine Notice (No. 5 of 2020) on 3 February 2020. This pointed out that with the ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement the UK will continue to follow EU rules and in return it will be treated as a member state until the end of what is known as the transition period. During this transition period, the EU and the UK will engage in negotiations to determine their future relationship. The status quo will continue for the duration of the transition period, which, unless extended, is due to end on the 31st December 2020. The Marine Notice pointed out that there are no implications for the regulation of the maritime transport sector during the transition period and national and EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK in the same way as it does currently.


The UK is a very significant market for the Irish tourism industry with more than 3 million British tourists contributing almost €1 billion to the economy each year.

Brexit will have an impact on the sector – from the impact of currency fluctuations on individual tourist decisions, to impact on the supply chain for the hospitality sector. Though the nature of the future relationship with the UK is not yet clear, there are steps that tourism businesses can take to minimise any disruption.

Tourism supports

In particular, Fáilte Ireland has developed a range of advisory and training supports as well as targeted marketing campaigns to help tourism businesses prepare for Brexit. The focus of Brexit Response Programme is to retain and build new business from the UK as well as to diversity into new markets. Please see Fáilte Ireland's site for further details on the range of tourism supports that are in place.

For information on how Brexit may affect a range of tourism related areas such as transport and mobile roaming costs, please see Travelling and Visiting .

Supply chain, currency management and working capital

If you source any of your products from the UK, or move them through the UK, you must consider the potential impacts on your supply chain and prepare for any new customs arrangements and the impact they will have on your business.

Sterling and euro volatility is a key concern for all tourism businesses. Brexit may also have an impact on your working capital needs. Guidance on managing currency risk and assessing working capital needs is available on the Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation's website . You are also advised to contact your financial adviser, your accountant, or any professional bodies you are a member of, to see if they have additional advice for you.

For more general information on issues, such as banking or staffing, that may affect your business post-Brexit, please see Brexit and Business . For information on the full range of supports to help businesses prepare for Brexit please see Government Programmes, Funds and Supports .


If you have a question or issue about Brexit which is not addressed below, please email brexit@dttas.gov.ie or call 01 604 1599.

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