An Roinn Leanaí, Comhionannais, Míchumais, Lánpháirtíochta agus Óige
An t-eolas is déanaí
Teanga: Níl leagan Gaeilge den mhír seo ar fáil.
Gender equality concepts
Gender equality is achieved when women and men enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including economic participation and decision-making, and when the different behaviours, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally valued and favoured.
The Council of Europe has also compiled a Gender Equality Glossary
based on the definitions and terms of Council of Europe instruments and standards relating to gender equality and this is available online.
How gender equality is measured
Gender equality is measured by looking at the representation of men and of women in a range of roles.
The Central Statistics Office
regularly publishes "Women and Men in Ireland"
, a compendium of key statistics which enable us to map progress achieved towards de facto gender equality in Ireland.
The European Union statistical office, Eurostat,
publishes an overview of gender statistics for the European Union
from fields such as education, the labour market, earnings and health, important for showing differences in the situations of women and men.
A number of international comparative gender equality indices also exist which offer a way to compare Ireland’s achievements with those of other countries. Each index looks at a distinct list of parameters and the choice of parameters affects the outcome for each country.
The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE)EU Gender Equality Index
provides an easily interpretable measure of gender equality in the EU across 6 key policy domains – work, money, knowledge, time, power and health, and two satellite domains (violence and intersecting inequalities).
The United NationsGender Inequality Index
is based on the premise that "all too often, women and girls are discriminated against in health, education and the labour market with negative repercussions for their freedom". The UN GII is a measure based on these inequalities.
Gender equality is both a standalone goal and a horizontal principle for implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Data on gender-disaggregated indicators to monitor progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals is published in Ireland by the CSO,
at EU level by Eurostat,
and globally by the UN.
The Global Gender Gap Report,
introduced by the World Economic Forum
in 2006, is another framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities which benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health criteria. This Index looks at economic participation and opportunity deviation; educational attainment deviation; health and survival deviation and political empowerment deviation.
The OECDGender Data Portal
includes selected indicators on gender inequalities in education, employment, entrepreneurship, health, development and governance, for OECD member countries and partner economies including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa.
Social Watch is a network comprised by national coalitions of civil society organizations and it too prepares an index. The Social Watch gender equality index
is based on the gap between women and men in education, the economy and political empowerment.