There is a very high volume of travel between Ireland and the UK, from tourists and people visiting friends and family to people commuting for work. Post-Brexit, this will be largely unaffected. However, after the transition period, there may be some considerations around passports, driving licences, and visas for third country nationals. Please see information on travelling between Ireland and the UK post-Brexit below.
There are no requirements for passport controls in operation for Irish and British citizens travelling between Ireland and the UK and there will be no change to this as a result of Brexit.
However, as regular passengers would be aware, all air and sea carriers require some form of identification and some carriers regard a passport as the only valid identification. Immigration authorities may also require you to have valid official photo-identification, which shows your nationality. Therefore, please check that your passport is valid and in date.
For journeys on the island of Ireland, British and Irish citizens do not require any travel documents when crossing the land border.
Non EEA nationals should be in possession of a valid travel document and, if required, an Irish entry visa or transit visa for the State.
Immigration requirements, as appropriate, will continue to apply to non-EU and non-UK citizens. For further information, please see the Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service website.
All flights between Ireland and the UK will still operate during the transition phase. We do not expect any extra delays to flights as a result of Brexit. If you have booked a flight directly to or from the UK, you do not need to take any action.
The EU currently has rules in place which protect passengers in the case of delays or cancellations to their flights. These rights will continue during the transition period.
If you are travelling via the UK to an onward destination, either within the EU or to a third country, we do not envisage any additional security checks. As it stands, passengers transiting the UK may occasionally be rescreened.
All direct ferry services to and from Ireland to the UK will still operate during the transition period. If you have booked a ferry to or from the UK, you do not need to take any action and can travel as before.
You will continue to benefit from EU maritime passenger rights during the transition period.
UK, including Northern Ireland, licences continue to be valid when driving in Ireland during the transition period.
If you will be resident in Ireland after the transition period, and hold a British or Northern Ireland driving licence, you should apply to exchange this for an Irish issued licence before the end of the transition period. Contact the National Driver Licence Service for more information.
Visiting Ireland on a UK licence: UK visitors to Ireland are not affected, there is no reason that you will not be able to drive in Ireland for holidays with your existing driving licence. You should not be required to carry an International Driving Permit with you in order to drive here, just ensure to carry your UK driving licence with you.
Driving in the UK on an Irish licence: The UK Government has advised that arrangements for EU licence holders who are visiting or living there will not change after the UK leaves the EU. Therefore, visitors to the UK and Northern Ireland with driving licences from EU Member States, including Ireland, should enjoy the same arrangements as today.
Drivers from the UK visiting Ireland will not be required to carry an International Driving Permit in order to drive here.
At present, all motor vehicles from any EU country (including the UK) may travel within the EU without carrying special documentation to prove that they have insurance in the country they are visiting. This will change following the transition period.
Following the transition period, a certificate called a ‘Green Card’ which is issued by your insurer, and proves that the vehicle is insured, will be required for vehicles from the UK, including Northern Ireland, being driven in Ireland or other EU Member States, unless a further agreement is in place.
This means that as it stands, following the transition period, UK and Northern Ireland registered vehicles will require a Green Card for cross-border journeys, including North to South, on the island of Ireland.
A Green Card is a document that proves you have motor insurance cover when driving in another jurisdiction.
Unless an arrangement is made between the EU and the UK, after the transition period, mobile operators may no longer be legally required to offer roaming at no additional charge to customers travelling to the UK from the EU. This includes travel between Ireland and Northern Ireland. This would be a commercial decision for mobile operators.
However, Brexit does not mean that mobile operators will necessarily apply new charges. The three main mobile providers here have indicated that there will be no changes to the current roaming arrangements for their customers. Either way, all operators must make customers well aware of any roaming charges they could incur, if and when, they use mobile devices in the UK. If you have any concerns, you should contact your provider directly.
ComReg , the independent telecoms regulator, will continue to ensure that all providers meet relevant obligations in areas such as roaming alerts. ComReg also has information for customers in relation to roaming on their website , including tips on how to avoid inadvertent roaming.
After the transition period, rules for pet travel between Ireland and the UK will change.
You should contact your vet as soon as possible before your travel date to start making the necessary arrangements in good time.
You should also check with the UK authorities for the latest information.
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